OECS Summit Here Called 'Grand Display'

OECS Heads of Government (Nov 2000)

Back Row L-R: Victor Banks (Anguilla), Lester Bird (Antigua/Barbuda) David
Brandt (Montserrat), Otto O'neal (BVI).

Front Row L-R: Dr. Kenny Anthony (St. Lucia), Arnhim Eustace (St. Vincent
and the Grenadines), Dr. Keith Mitchell (Grenada), Pierre Charles (Dominica), Dr. Denzil Douglas (St. Kitts and Nevis).

The OECS Secretariat described it as "a grand display" when volcano-ravaged Montserrat welcomed OECS Heads of government to their three-day summit, which began as scheduled Wednesday, 22 November 2000.
Chief Minister David Brandt told the opening ceremony at Montserrat's Vue Point Hotel that there is a lesson for the Region to be learnt from the resilience and commitment of Montserratians who have been living under the threat of  volcanic eruptions for several years and are now involved in the rebuilding process.

The Chief Minister alluded at the end of his welcome to the Montserrat constitutional status, as he sought the assistance and encouragement from his OECS partners:

"Indeed constitutional reform is in the offing and it is our fervent hope that such an exercise will result in a devolution of greater autonomy to the people of Montserrat and their democratically elected representatives… the views of our OECS colleagues are certainly welcome."

The OECS heads, as reported earlier, had a packed program and in spite of fears and suspicions expressed from some quarters, the meeting was also hailed a success. Prime Minister Lester Bird said on his return to Antigua after the meeting: "It does take courage to live (in Montserrat) still and rebuild, despite the threat in the hills above."

The Prime Minister singled out the Waste Management Programme, for which funding by the World Bank was suspended, as receiving the most attention during the summit.

OECS Chairman, Grenada's Prime Minister Dr. Keith Mitchell, who delivered the feature address at the opening ceremony, joined Chief Minister Brandt in saying the meeting should not be just another "talk shop." Both called for serious action to be taken on the issues discussed.

As noted in a report out of the Secretariat on the meeting it was agreed that the OECS Heads of Government will meet for a one-day retreat early next year to strategise on integration and  the way ahead for the OECS Secretariat.
The agreement to hold the retreat in the first quarter of the new year was among highlights of the first working day of the OECS Summit. At that time the Heads are also expected to discuss a related strategic and institutional development plan for the OECS Secretariat, while also giving consideration to, and endorsing, the OECS Strategic
Development Framework, which sets out the policy initiatives required to foster economic and social development in the Member States.

The report also stated discussions set out decisions that were made at the 22 - 24 November meeting as follows:

To conduct a joint regional study on the implications of introducing the Value Added Tax (VAT) in OECS Member States.To start up the operations of ECTEL (the Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority), which expects to begin granting licences to new telecommunications operators after March 2000, with the end of current agreements between Member States and monopoly telecommunications provider Cable and Wireless.

To undertake a joint review of the constitutions in St. Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Antigua and Barbuda has already started, while Dominica has completed its review. Montserrat, Anguilla and the BVI are British Overseas Dependencies.

To examine the feasibility of an OECS Law school to ease the problem of lack of spaces for OECS students in existing Caribbean Law schools.

To set up a Commission to co-ordinate External Relations matters, and to undertake a detailed study on the OECS Single Market and economy in light of activities taking place under the Caricom Single Market and Economy and the possibility of duplication of efforts.

To work in conjunction with an ongoing Caribbean Tourism Organisation programme, to develop an OECS cruise tourism policy; to work along with CDERA on disaster management; and to have Civil Aviation Ministers and the Antigua-based OECS Directorate of Civil Aviation work jointly on proposals for an air transportation policy.

To congratulate St. Lucia for undertaking the erection of a new Headquarters building in Vieux Fort, near to the Hewanorra International Airport.

To congratulate the Windward Islands and Leeward Islands cricket teams for reaching the finals of the recent Red Stripe Bowl, regional one-day cricket tournament, and especially the Windward Islands for emerging the eventual champions.

MSS Cadets with flags of the OECS member countries

The opening ceremony regarded as impressive involved a flag raising ceremony and the playing of the National Anthems of all Member and Associate Member States: Anguilla, Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia and St Vincent and the Grenadines.

Brades Primary School children sing at opening ceremony

Montserrat Masquerade group entertains

There were musical interludes from the Montserrat Masqueraders and from the children of the Brades Primary School who presented two beautifully rendered songs.

Also included in the entertainment was a cocktail party at Government House hosted by His Excellency Governor Anthony Abbott for the Heads of Government, other Government Ministers, OECS staff and other support staff

This was the second hosting by Montserrat of the OECS Summit and it was considered to be a great achievement in the circumstances faced by the Island.

DFID, GOM Differ Over CMO As Dr. Avery Goes

Compiled from dispatches

Dr. Gordon Avery's recent departure from Montserrat after serving for two years as Chief Medical Officer coincides with a controversial British call for replacing the post of CMO with a Medical Director.

Dr. Gordon Avery, Barry Kavanagh, Hon Adelena Tuitt and Dr. Lowell Lewis

The recommendation, made after a study by Medical Advisors of Britain's Department for International Development (DFID), met immediate resistance from the Government of Montserrat.
Barry Kavanagh, head of DFID's Montserrat office, told the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) last week that the role and functions of the CMO would be widened and the designation changed to Medical Director, as is the case in the United Kingdom (UK).
"One of the recommendations was to revamp the CMO post and make it a wider role to be not just a clinical position but also administrative and policy making with the Minister, so it is quite a large job," Mr. Kavanagh said.
He noted that the Montserrat government was "unhappy" with changing the title but were quite content with the expanded role if all the duties could be performed by one person.

Dr. Avery said before he left Montserrat that he was disappointed in his hope to hand over to a successor who would have maintained the continuity of the CMO post, as is the expected norm in the English-speaking Caribbean Territories.

The Government of Montserrat reportedly shared that sentiment.   "They have already told me that they do not want to change the CMO title for the post," Mr. Kavanagh told CANA, "although they are willing to negotiate on what the new CMO will do."
Both Mr. Kavanagh and Health Minister Adelina Tuitt said the role and functions of the person to succeed Dr. Avery were open to negotiations between DFID and the Montsrerat government. Mrs. Tuitt, however, noted that the even if the new office-holder is titled Medical Director, she did not foresee a change in the duties being performed.
She observed that the CMO's office always held responsibility for protocols, clinical, advisory and administrative matters.
Until the issue is resolved, Dr. Lowell Lewis, Montserrat Surgeon Specialist, is acting CMO.

Dr. Lewis said he agreed with Dr. Avery's view that a CMO is very necessary, but believed that such a person could also provide some clinical services.

Dr. Avery, meanwhile, paid tribute in a farewell statement to the dedication and hard work shown by the Health Department Staff often under very difficult conditions. He expressed his confidence "that the people who serve through the crisis, plus a small band of key new recruits, will be able to continue to provide a high standard of service and give people confidence that if they fall ill they will be in good hands.  Most condition can be dealt with in the clinic of or in the hospital.  Some condition need to be referred abroad which can be arrange quickly, when required, to places where there are more appropriate diagnostic and treatment facilities."

He summarized four issues that he was unable to resolve during his two-year tenure.

Dr Avery has been invited to return to his old job as a Consultant in Public Health Medicine in Swanson, where he will continue to work on the development of cancer services in the South West Wales Cancer Institution, of which he was the founder Director in 1998, as well as working on other public health issues.

He said he retains his interest in the Caribbean and feels that there is a very case to set up a small Health Research Institution covering the Leewards Islands. He will be pursuing his idea very vigorously on his return to England and hopefully may return to Montserrat in a year or two so that some of these ideas can be put into action.

Dr. Avery has written a report, "The Real Health Problems of Montserrat," which spells out in detail the research he has carried out with the help of a group of medical students from the UK and which outlines what needs to be done to further improve the health of the people of Montserrat.


"Montserrat's Singular Dilemma Demands Creative Leadership"

A visiting journalist during the recently held Organisation of the East Caribbean Heads of Government Summit here in Montserrat described the meeting taking place in the northern safe zone of the island, miles away from the Soufriere Hills volcano. He reported that in the aftermath of the volcano activity, the British Caribbean dependency remains under economic stress, with approximately two thirds of the population having left the island and the same proportion of businesses now closed.

Chief Minister Brandt was reported as having said that reducing the dependence on grant-aid in these circumstances was a primary concern for his administration, as well as reducing the power of the island's British governor.

In is not often that 'foreign' (outside) journalists, even when reporting out of Montserrat, describe the picture accurately as it really is, but no one can doubt the brief description as reported to be anything but truth. It is against this background that Montserrat can in fact be proud at having successfully hosted the meeting, and that so far there has been no adverse report or comment of any short-coming.

But at the same time, OECS heads of governments were still able to see how much Montserrat had fallen behind (if only in some specific but important areas) and the long way that it yet has to cover.

So much can go wrong very quickly, as those who leave our shores from time to time to represent Montserrat in whatever circumstance will readily vouch, that it is all the more credit to the Government for having done this.

It is certainly all the more reason why as the twentieth century draws its last breath and as the new millennium (never mind the debate) awaits, Montserrat may well yet be in a wonderful position to count with each year as if it had just begun - a kind of rebirth.

This may sound simplistic, but it can take on a serious tone when one considers and hopes that the next general election takes place in 2001 -- and who knows it may be early in 2001 -- unless the salary and the perks are too enticing to those already receiving them and fearing that they could disappear.

There have always been questions of readiness, for constitutional independence, but fortunately, and in a way disappointingly, the discussion stalls on the question of economics.

Should serious attention not be given to the British strategy of stalling on its promise to move forward to a modern partnership with its dependant territories? Is it that they were moving too fast, or is it that they want to teach us and the other territories a lesson, for refusing to carry out their human rights laws wishes, which they claim had no bearing on the other promises?

It should not be taken lightly that the United Kingdom is one of only two countries, the other being the United States of America, that voted AGAINST the Decolonization Declaration in the United Nations General Assembly.  And believe it or not, even AGAINST the Dissemination of Decolonization Information.
The problem for us here is that we seem to hear a single voice on the inside and then a couple on the outside that seem to get little hearing, while the issues become all the more important. Montserrat's future, unlike that of any of its sisters less dependent on Britain, is going to depend more acutely upon the ability of its political leaders to efficiently represent its best interest.

Call absolutely any topic or subject and it is gravely important to Montserrat. It is the kind of readiness to be able to work towards merely a plan to deal with the topic or subject that will make the difference. That should be the test, not just being able to point out what was not or will not be done.

Except for the editorial, opinion articles expressed in these pages are not necessarily those of the Montserrat Reporter editors, employees or advisers. Readers are encouraged to submit commentary articles. All viewpoints, unless libelous, in poor taste, or anonymous, are welcome. Send your contributions to The Editor, P.O. Box 306, Olveston, Montserrat, W. I., e-mail: editor@montserratreporter.org. Manuscripts will not be returned unless accompanied by a return stamped envelope. The Montserrat Reporter is a privately owned independent newspaper.

Jus Wonderin items may be called in at telephone 491-4715 or Fax 491-2430


A True Christmas Gift

Read Matthew 25:31-46

The king will answer them," Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me."

A haggard, middle-aged man with ragged clothes and a loaded backpack walked across a busy street in my town. Everyone was concentrating on Christmas errands and paid no attention to the man, who was walking in the cold, misty rain.

I saw him from across the intersection and wondered what hardships he had seen. I almost felt ashamed for noticing him; and I felt uncomfortable thinking about him, especially in the midst of my holiday preparations.

He appeared to be about the same age as my father." To think of my father in this man’s situation made me sad.

Just then, someone in a small, red pickup truck jammed on the brakes and pulled onto the shoulder of the road, almost causing an accident. A man dressed in a Santa Claus suit jumped out of the truck and trotted over to the man, umbrella in hand. I didn’t see the outcome of their conversation; but I realized that while I sat there asking questions and feeling awkward, another had acted. The man in the Santa suit knew that kindness and love are the greatest Christmas gifts that we can give or receive.

PRAYER: God, help us to be aware of people in need during the holiday season and throughout the year. Give us perseverance to reach out to them so they know that someone cares. Amen


Act on the impulse to show someone that you care.

Leigh Ann Wilson (North Carolina)

PRAYER FOCUS: Those who are in need


Open Letter Addressed To Attorney General

Dear Sir,
I write to you as a concerned citizen of Montserrat, asking for information regarding legal aspects of the current volcano risk map and visitor's guide in use on Montserrat.
The Northern zone which is described as safe, includes Isles Bay and the Belham Valley.

However, the latest report of the Montserrat Volcano Observatory includes warnings.
"that the Belham Valley is subject to mud flows,""that pyroclastic flows may occur down all the valleys of the volcano."

(This includes a corridor of one mile width extending from the crater along the Belham Valley to the sea at Isles Bay).
In addition the scientists admit that it is too dangerous for them to replace monitors on the Northwestern wall, which would  give information on the outward movement of that side of the volcano.
I therefore wish to know who would be liable for injuries sustained by visitors who are not aware of the current MVO report or do not get a copy of the visitor's guide.
I also wish to know if the residents of Montserrat who live to the North of the Nantes Ghaut can take legal action against this map which places their homes at the same risk as the area to the south as far as Belham, despite the fact that documented scientific reports and maps published on the MVO website, indicate that the area north of Nantes Ghaut has a lower probability of being covered by volcanic deposits and is safe for continuous habitation during all likely categories of eruption.
It is my opinion that this risk map increases the probability of the island being abandoned, to a level which makes it unrealistic for anybody to make long-term plans to live here, or to spend significant amounts of money on buildings in Montserrat.

It is therefore also my opinion, that the risk map should be modified to show that in certain situations, the Day Time Entry Zone and the Exclusion Zones may be temporarily extended to the Nantes Ghaut area, and that Operation Exodus will take place only after a more appropriate scenario than was used in the simulation exercise.

I thank you for your attention.

Yours sincerely,
Lowell Lewis

When Did Montserrat Annul Rights for All?

Dear Editor,

In response to your editorial 17 November 2000, your points about Montserrat's right to political self-determination are absolutely correct. Stand up and die for your country, but can you be sure that there aren't any gay Montserratians among you?

And who is going to bring them to justice? I will never write rumor and I am not a gay man, but again I must ask questions:

Have these laws in Montserrat been applied?

Police raided my house many a times when I lived in Montserrat.  I was not gay and I was never convicted or charged for any other crime either.  I was a law-abiding citizen.  And I saw other law-abiding citizens going about their way doing their homosexual and pedophilia acts and I thought it was legal in Montserrat, because I never saw anyone getting arrested for these actions.  There was never any open investigation and the police were not looking into that.  In fact the police were protecting them.

In Montserrat people openly name who are homosexuals, yet there are no lawsuits. Isn't that peculiar?

This is all to do with politics and law.  Here in the UK the politicians say gay people have equal rights as human beings, then they write it into law and pass it in Parliament. If I were to discriminate against a gay person they will actively put me in jail.  It would be branded on my record that I performed acts of homophobia.  If I were to have sex with a minor (a person under 16 years old), I would be thrown in jail and have such a terrible record, that I would have to live under police protection and surveillance (which includes an electronic tag) to protect children in the future and also to prevent vigilantes from killing me.

I uphold the law.  I respect people for what they are.  I live and work with everybody regardless of race, colour, creed, gender or sexual orientation.  I will not sleep with them.  I am happily married to a woman, thank you very much, and no boy can take me from my woman.

I had to live with the same respect in Montserrat, that's where I learned it.  Equal rights and justice.  What right have I to say that someone should not be gay?  I am not that type of person.  I have always turned to the words of wisdom of the great Bob Marley: "Everybody has the right to decide their own destiny, but in this judgement there is no partiality."

So the question on this particular and peculiar issue is: Are these laws that Montserrat has applied?

Noel John


Montserrat Awaits A New Governor

Mr. Tony Longrigg, CMG, will be the next Governor of Montserrat, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office announced in London on 13 November, 2000. Mr. Longrigg will succeed Governor Anthony Abbott, OBE, at the time of his retirement from the Diplomatic Service.

Mr. Longrigg, who will take up his appointment in May 2001, is coming to Montserrat from a senior posting in Moscow. His past overseas postings include spells in Africa, Brazil and Spain. He has considerable experience of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories, having been head of the south Atlantic and Antarctic Department in the Foreign Office from 1995-1997.

The appointment has been approved by Her Majesty the Queen.

Cable & Wireless among sponsors at 2000 Miami Conference

Cable & Wireless is among a number of top Caribbean and Latin American companies who are sponsoring this year’s Caribbean and Latin American Action (CLAA) conference and exhibition, which opens in Miami on December 5.

It is expected that 1500 private and public sector leaders from over 50 countries in the Caribbean and Central and South America will attend the conference. Among this year’s specially-invited guests will be Prime Minister of Grenada, Dr. the Honourable Keith Mitchell, Chief Minister of Turks & Caicos, Hon. Derek Taylor, and Jamaica’s Minister of Commerce and Technology, Hon. Philip Paulwell.

One of the attractions at the conference year will be the Cable & Wireless cyber café, which the company will use as an opportunity to demonstrate and showcase a number of the products and services it offers globally and in the Caribbean.

The cyber café will allow the conference delegates to use e-mail, and have access to the Internet while they are away from their offices. Delegates will be able to find out more about e-commerce, Call Centres, and a number of international telephony packages, which Cable & Wireless offers to its customers around the Caribbean.

In addition, a number of Cable & Wireless executives will be involved in the business sessions of the conference. Among them, Executive Vice President for the Windward Islands, C. Trevor Clarke, will participate in a round table discussion on creating a competitive market for the telecommunications industry, and Executive Vice President for Legal and Public Policy, Lisa Agard, will be part of a discussion on the subject "Can Everyone Compete?".

Head of Corporate Communications for Cable & Wireless Caribbean and Atlantic Islands, Pat Bynoe-Clarke, says Cable & Wireless is pleased to support the 2000 CLAA conference: " This another example of our ongoing commitment to the Governments and people of the Caribbean and we see our participation as one way to provide a service to delegates attending the conference."

The conference will run from December 5 - 8 at the Hotel Inter-Continental in Miami.

Colin Fergus Earns A Masters Degree

Colin H. Fergus of Olveston recently earned a Masters Degree in Management of Information Technology from the University of Sunderland in the United Kingdom.  The title of his thesis was "Collaborative Information Systems Design in Business Process Re-engineering."

The study explored a solution to the problem of failing information systems solutions, as provided by external IT consultants, with particular interest in changing business operating procedures.  The solution looked at encouraging users of the system being developed to provide the solution under guidance from the consultant.

Mr. Fergus, who holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science from the UWI, worked at the Government Computer Unit before embarking on further studies.


OECS Lauds Montserrat's Pharmaceutical Payments

Montserrat has been praised for its excellent payment record with contracted suppliers of pharmaceuticals.

Secretary General of the OECS Swinburne Lestrade says Montserrat has an exemplary record through the OECS Pharmaceutical Procurement Service.

He says Montserrat is one of six founding members of the service and approximately 90 percent of the pharmaceuticals in the public service here are purchased through the OECS.

Mr. Lestrade says Montserrat has an average payment lead time of 28 days, which is well within the stipulated 90-day period.

Community College Has OECS Support

The OECS Secretariat is continuing its programme of activities for the rebuilding of the Montserrat Community College.

The Secretariat has produced a schedule of accommodation and terms of reference for the consultancy services.

Secretary General Swinburne Lestrade says the OECS is committed to supporting work in education reform and technical and vocational training.

Mr. Lestrade says the Secretariat has supported the participation of education officials in teacher training and curriculum development and other education activities.

He says the OECS Technical and Vocational Training Project headed by Montserratian Paul Payne has paid specific attention to Montserrat during the past year.

Fitzroy Buffonge Named Senior Selector by LICA

The Montserrat Cricket Association announced that Mr. Fitzroy Buffonge was elected as a selector for the Leeward Islands Senior Team at the annual general meeting of the Leeward Islands Cricket Association December 2 in Tortola. His appointment will commence at the conclusion of the 2001 Busta Cup.

The full list of appointments:

Investiture Honors Two Montserratians

Two people were invested with awards at an Investiture Ceremony at Government House on Friday evening, 24 November.

Receiving the MBE was Fr. Cordwell Victor Randell Peters for outstanding service to Montserrat. In his remarks at the Ceremony, Governor Tony Abbott told those assembled that Fr. Peters' ministrations over the last five years of volcanic activity were absolutely vital to the well-being of everyone to whom he gave assistance, irrespective of their faith. He remained on island to give pastoral counsel to everyone he came into contact with during the period when volcanic activity was at its highest.

The Governor said, "Who can forget the picture of Fr. Peters and his cadre of volunteers that he had recruited, working on the landscaping of the Runaway Ghaut area as they improved the environment and instilled pride in Montserratians witnessing the transformation of the area?"

Mrs. Margaret Rita Elwin received the Montserrat Certificate and Badge of Honour for her voluntary care of the youths and mentally challenged adults of our society.

Governor Abbott spoke highly of Mrs. Elwin, saying, "In an age where often the first question asked is 'what's in it for me?', Mrs. Elwin recognised where her civic duties

lie and has grasped the mettle in both hands and carried them out to the best of her ability and to the benefit of all she has helped."

The Governor described Mrs. Elwin's work over the past decades in bringing up children as a foster parent, looking after the shut-ins and the mentally sick in the community, with little or no financial support. He pointed out that not even the hardships of the last five years had deterred Mrs. Elwin from assisting the less fortunate, even though she had to relocate to the north. She had continued to look after the mentally ill from her own modest relocated accommodation.



In an award ceremony today at the Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO) conference in Barbados, the Editor-In-Chief of Condé Nast Traveler magazine, Tom Wallace, announced that eleven-year-old Mickia Mills of Nevis was the winner of the 9th annual "My Caribbean Essay Contest." Wallace also announced that ten-year-old Ananda Lawkaran of Trinidad & Tobago and eleven-year-old Nazira Habet of Belize were the first and second runners-up respectively.

Grand prize winner Mills received a $2000 scholarship and the opportunity to attend the World Travel Mart in London in November 2000 courtesy of American Airlines and the magazine. In addition, Mills’ essay will be featured in the November 2000 issue of Condé Nast Traveler. The runners-up each received a $500 prize and a certificate.

During the ceremony, Mills was called upon to read her essay. Given the topic "Time Capsule 3000," Mills chose samples of music as one of the things she would place in her time capsule to be opened at the start of the next millennium. Mills wrote in part:

Our African ancestors brought with them a love for music, and throughout our

history, Nevisians have continued to express themselves through music and

song. Nevisians are proud of their traditional string band, big drum, steel-band

and calypso music. The big drum reminds us of the struggle of our forefathers

from slavery to emancipation. It is impossible to hear the sound of string band

music without shaking a leg. For nowhere else in the Caribbean will you ever

experience the rhythm of our string band.

The essay contest, sponsored by Condé Nast Traveler, the Caribbean Tourism Organization and American Airlines, educates elementary school children on every Caribbean island about the importance of tourism to their country’s economy. Grade school children of the 32 CTO member countries were asked to submit a 250-word essay on the topic referenced above. The entrants were asked to choose a quality that represents the "spirit" of their homeland that they would wish to preserve or improve upon in the next Millennium.

The theme and rules for the 2000 "My Caribbean Essay Contest" were communicated to all CTO members and Ministers of Tourism by the magazine’s publisher. The contest was then administered through the school system on each of the member islands/nations. This year, 27 islands/nations participated with over 1,000 essays received. 

Dominica's Caribs Get Holiday Repairs

ROSEAU, Dominica, CANA - A U.S. firm, OPA Inc., has donated US$74,000 for the repair of approximately 20 homes in the Carib Territory of Dominica.
Corey Geier, President of OPA Inc., said she was hoping that the project, which will focus on housing for Carib elders, will be underway by Christmas.
Housing Minister Vince Henderson, said government's role will be to facilitate the housing repair project in areas such as granting concessions on building materials and the provision of labour.
He said the project would boost a housing improvement programme for the Carib Territory.
"That will complement government's own agenda for the Carib people of Dominica, of course recognizing these people as indigenous people of this country and the important role that they play in our development, the government had to move to establish a Department of Carib Affairs," he said at a brief handing-over ceremony Monday.
Parliamentary Representative Kelly Graneau, who also heads the Department of Carib Affairs, said the Department has already conducted a needs assessment to determine those who are most in need of assistance.
Indigenous Caribs who reside on communal land in the north east of the island, face a unique problem in accessing financing for housing development since they do not own land titles.

LIAT, BWIA Agree To Cut Costs, Improve
Antigua, CANA - LIAT (1974) Ltd. and its single largest shareholder, BWIA International, have agreed on a number of cost-cutting measures aimed at improving the service of both regional carriers, LIAT said at the weekend.
"Both carriers recognise that there are tangible and significant benefits to be derived from harmonising their flight schedules and services, eliminating inefficiencies, optimising the use of resources and combining the strengths of each," LIAT said in a statement.
No details of the plan were provided.
LIAT, an island-hopping airline, and BWIA, which serves a number of international destinations, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to "enter into a comprehensive strategic alliance." BWIA holds a 29-percent stake in LIAT.
The Antigua-based LIAT said the terms of the accord would "increase the opportunities for the airlines to offer joint competitive and cost effective air transportation services."
Signed by BWIA's Chief Executive Officer Conrad Aleong and his LIAT counterpart Garry Cullen on November 16, the memorandum promises that "the airlines will provide the Caribbean with new and enhanced service options and further alternatives."
These, according to the statement, would facilitate the easy flow of passengers and cargo in the region and internationally, thereby increasing overall revenues and reducing costs."
Prior to the LIAT-BWIA accord, LIAT earlier this year concretised ties with Air Caribe, Carib Aviation and WINAir under what is labelled the Carib Sky Alliance.
Under that arrangement, LIAT hopes to ferry passengers to and from 25 other destinations including Canouan, Curacao, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, French St. Martin, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, Miami, St. Barts, Saba, and Virgin Gorda.
Outside of its alliance, LIAT alone serves 21 destinations in the English-speaking Caribbean island chain as well as Guyana, St. Maarten and Puerto Rico.
The financially-strapped LIAT has been sealing cooperation deals with a number of other airlines that serve the region as it seeks to survive competition from, among other carriers, Caribbean Star and EC Express.

Nevis Day of Prayer Keys On Hurricane-Free Season
CANA - With the 2000 hurricane season ending without a major storm or hurricane hitting the island, Nevis Premier Vance Amory declared Friday last a day of prayer and
Speaking to the nation on the "Let's Talk" programme, Premier Amory said: "When I spoke to you (during a TV broadcast) last week I did talk of the end of the Hurricane Season almost at hand.
"I do believe we can thank God for sparing us any major storms this year. I want to say that as the leader of the country, that we want to designate the First of December as a special day of prayer and thanksgiving, to end the Hurricane Season."
He called on all church leaders and persons in Nevis to take some time, whether in an organised form or individually, to give God thanks for his mercies.

Nevis Primary Schools Will Teach Spanish

Nevis, CANA - Spanish will be taught in primary schools in Nevis for the first time next year, according to Ashley Farrell, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Education in the Nevis Island Administration.
He made the announcement at a graduation ceremony held at Marion Heights for 12 teachers who had undertaken Spanish language courses facilitated by two officials sent by the Mexican government.
Five primary school teachers did the Basic Spanish Course, while seven secondary school teachers did the Intermediate Spanish Course, the government's Press and Public Relations Department reported.
Mr. Farrell said it was cheaper for the government and the Ministry of Education to bring the two facilitators to Nevis than to send the 12 Nevisian teachers to Mexico to undertake the course.
He said, "This sort of training is good when it is done locally as more persons can benefit, without having to leave the comfort of their homes."
The ceremony was conducted in Spanish.

Private Sector Speaks Up On St. Kitts-Nevis Budget
BASSETERRE, St Kitts, CANA - The St. Kitts and Nevis private sector has recommended to the government that its 2001 budget include closure of the ailing sugar industry and a cutback in government expenditure, a top official of the St. Kitts Nevis Chamber of Commerce (SKNCC) said Tuesday.
The St. Kitts Sugar Manufacturing Company (SSMC) is projected to lose at least EC$30 million (US$11.1 million) annually due to repeated hurricane damage over the last five years, arson, destruction by monkeys and more recently a decline in the value of the euro -- the European Community currency unit.
Anthony Kelsick, Chairman of the SKNCC's Economic Affairs Committee, said that at last Friday's meeting with government, the chamber recommended the closure of the sugar company because it was a drain on the public purse.
Mr. Kelsick said the business group did not receive any commitment from government, noting that "there was a reluctance politically" to close the SSMC because at least 1,500 persons would be retrenched and there was no immediate source of employment.
Earlier this year, government embarked on a series of public consultations on the future of the sugar industry based on a World Bank study. Options include closure, scaling down or diversification of the operations.
The last reported successful crop year was 1997, when more than 30,000 tons of the sugar were produced.
With capital expenditure between 1995 and 1999 put in the vicinity of EC$170 million (US$62.9 million), the business community said it had managed to secure a commitment from the administration of Prime Minister Dr. Denzil Douglas that a cap would be put on such spending for the next 15 months.

Although the SKNCC agreed that hurricane destruction and already budgeted commitments had fuelled capital expenditure, Mr. Kelsick said the business community was fearful that continued elaborate capital spending could increase the domestic and international debt burden of the twin-island federation.
"There is need to exercise more restraint in that area (of capital expenditure)," said the former SKNCC Director.
For the 2000 budget, recurrent revenue was projected at EC$237.8 million (US$88.07 million), recurrent expenditure was EC$243.7 million (US$90.25 million), leaving a projected deficit of EC$5.9 million (US$2.1 million).
Capital expenditure was EC$142.2 million (US$52.6 million) and capital revenue was EC$134.3 million (US$49.7 million).
In the area of corporate tax, the SKNCC reminded government of its commitment in 1998 to slash the rate from 38 percent to 35 percent within three years. At present, it is 37 percent.
Mr. Kelsick said the Chamber delegation was assured that there would be no surprises in the National Budget.

Independent observers noted that government might table a soft budget in the 11-seat Federal Parliament in a bid to regain some lost ground when it earlier this year announced a hike in electricity and water rates due to an increase in world oil prices.
One observer said he would not be surprised if later in the financial year, various taxes and duties are increased to cater for a decline in revenue or increase in expenditure due to international price movements.

There Will Be Snow in Puerto Rico

QUEBEC CITY, Dec 6 (Reuters) - In the realm of the bizarre, 300 tonnes (295 tons) of Canadian snow are being shipped this week to the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico to let children build snowmen at the capital city of
San Juan's annual Christmas party.
Local organizer Luis Guzman told Reuters on Wednesday he was excited about bringing the white gold from northern Quebec to his island of four million people, where temperatures are currently around 33C (90F).
"The children here don't have the opportunity to play with real snow like in Canada," said Guzman, the head of Family Events, the San Juan entertainment firm that had the idea.
"The children will be able to make their first snowman ever," he added, explaining he would throw a party from Dec. 15 to Jan. 7 in a refrigerated warehouse near the San Juan port.
More than 300,000 children are expected to show up during the colorful event.
"We are very excited because it is a beautiful and an amazing project.
Snow is a gift from Canada to us," Guzman said. The media-friendly project will cost Guzman's firm about $200,000.
The snow, from the Quebec mining town of Wabush, was shipped from a New Brunswick harbor last Monday and should arrive in San Juan next week. A second shipment will follow soon.
"This is a first for us," said Mary Keith, spokesman for Kent Line, the Canadian shipping company involved in the project. The company usually ships lumber and pulp-and-paper products to the Caribbean.

U.S. Court Convicts St. Kitts' 'Little Nut'

Compiled from dispatches

Charles "Little Nut" Miller, alleged to be a former member of a violent Jamaican gang that was blamed for hundreds of murders across the United States, was convicted of cocaine smuggling Tuesday in Miami, Fla.
The 40-year-old Miller, who was extradited to the U.S. from St. Kitts last February, was found guilty by a jury in a federal court in Miami on Tuesday on charges of conspiracy to import a shipment of 220 pounds (100 kg) of cocaine into south Florida. He He Hefaces life in prison at his sentencing on Feb. 13.
Miller was alleged to be a member of a Jamaican-dominated gang called the Shower Posse, known for trafficking tons of cocaine in the 1980s.
Authorities blame the gang for some 1,400 murders in the United States.
The prosecution alleged that the attempt to smuggle 220 pounds (100 kg) of cocaine into the United States was part of a larger plot to import a total of 4,400 pounds (2,000 kg) of Colombian cocaine from St. Kitts to the United States on Amerijet International cargo flights.
A key piece of evidence was a tape recording of Miller and others discussing those plans. The recording was made by a man named Vincent Morris, whom Miller later killed "because he knew too much," the prosecution alleged.
Miller was born Cecil Connor but changed his name after cooperating with U.S officials in a 1989 trial in Miami of Shower Posse members.
He joined the gang in the United States after escaping in 1983 from a Jamaican prison where he was serving a 25-year term for armed robbery and shooting a store owner.
Miller hit the headlines while still on St. Kitts in 1998 when U.S. officials accused him of threatening to kill U.S. medical students there if he was extradited. In addition to his narcotics venture, he had a string of businesses on the island, including a hotel, a bakery and an operation importing chicken and soft drinks.
Miller's conviction Tuesday stemmed from a 1995 indictment for drug smuggling.
He fought a long court battle against extradition from St. Kitts and finally surrendered in February, probably because he was threatened by another drug runner on the island, officials said.

Dominica Recalls Consul in Antigua

Dominica's Honorary Consul in Antigua, Justin Simon, has resigned.
Prime Minister Pierre Charles confirmed that the diplomat tendered his resignation last month after Antigua's Ministry of Foreign Affairs had sent a protest note asking the government to rescind Simon's diplomatic appointment.
Prime Minister Charles said the Antigua government complained that Simon had overstepped his boundaries when he made remarks concerning a dispute between the government and business sector over a new tax.
The request by the Antiguan government was backed by an appeal from the Dominica Association in Antigua, which also expressed disappointment over Simon's statement.

Jamaica Mourns Govenor-General

Former Jamaican Governor-General Sir Florizel Agustus Glasspole has died at 91.

A founding member of the ruling People's National Party (PNP) and former Education Minister, Sir Florizel, who had been ailing for a long time, died at his Millbourough, St. Andrew home last week..

Prime Minister, P. J. Patterson, said "Jamaica has lost a statesman of high esteem. He will be fondly and respectfully remembered."

Opposition Leader Edward Seaga described Sir Florizel as a man whose life was a symbol of the highest integrity in the public service. A press release from the Jamaica Labour Party stated that "Sir Florizel served both political parties as Governor-General for a total of 18 years with unblemished integrity and strength of character".

Mr. Seaga said that as a true mark of respect, the Government should declare a period of public mourning .

Born in Kingston in 1909, Sir Florizel was one of five children of the Reverend Theophilus and Florence Glasspole. He was Member of Parliament for East Kingston and Port Royal from 1944 to 1973. He resigned in 1973 and accepted the position as Governor-General under the Michael Manley Government.

Sir Florizel's wife,. Lady Ina Josephine Glasspole, died in 1998. He is survived by his daughter, Sara Lou, his son-in-law Dr. Adolpho Mena and two grandchildren.



By Peter Adrien

They are killing us softly! West Indies is being destroyed slowly and painfully. The actions of the administrators, selectors and technicians are prolonging the underdevelopment of West Indies cricket, causing the distressed Caribbean population additional mental anguish, and reducing the international competitiveness of the Anglophone Caribbean. Since 1991, the combined policy effects of these decision-makers have triggered a persistent decline in team performance (despite the flashes of brilliance). This time (unlike the famous musical lyrics), we are not being "killed" softly with sweet music; we are actually being killed softly (slowly) with repulsive decisions.

We may be nearing our lowest level in our cricketing history. As I warned in my previous columns, a state of unpreparedness was apparent in the weeks leading to the first Test match at Brisbane, and this lack of readiness is even more evident now that we have embarrassed ourselves before the gladiators of the 1960-61 clashes that set the tone for the all succeeding contests between the two champion teams, and that energised the local cricketing population up to now.

The signs of lack of preparation for the match were very evident (a) with the team selection (b) in the arrangement of the middle order (c) in the approach adopted by the batters, particularly the openers in the first innings (d) the dysfunctional approach of Brian Lara in the second innings and (e) the absence of resilience in the lower order.

First, the selection policy was defective, as the mix did not reflect the full potential of the weak touring team. Even if Australia had selected her team a week before and had included Stuart McGill as the leg-spinner, Roger Harper and Jimmy Adams thought it better to omit Mahendra Nagamootoo and play four pacers, who, except for debutante Marlon Black, did not look like bowling Australia out once. Nagamootoo added variety and, presently, he may be arguably the best batsman (in term of application) on the team.

Second, Sarwan is obviously not receiving the requisite technical and emotional support to overcome his drop in confidence and his "baptism by fire" on Australian soil. With the young man’s confidence level at the lowest, one would have thought if they were going to play him in preference to Hinds, the certificated coaches would have understood the psychological importance of positioning him between two experienced heads in the middle and not leaving him in a maze with the tail-enders (after all, our tail starts in our spine). Sarwan should bat between Chanderpaul and Adams, not after Adams. Now that he is on his fifth duck, what can Roger Harper and Adams do to help this mentally-troubled rising star?

Third, obviously under instructions to occupy the crease for long hours, Sherwin Campbell, whose best approach is to play the slash, the cut and under-cut outside off stumps, chose to anchor in his crease of safety when Glen McGrath and Bret Lee were extracting very little life off the pitch and experiencing difficulties getting their line and length. He finally went failing to move forward and across to the leg-spinner after a 59-minute occupation for only 10 runs. And as a seasoned unskilled opening batsman, he induced the talented and technically correct Daren Ganga to do the same (scoring 20 in 143 minutes) and set the tone for the rest of the batting, which collapsed for a mere 82 in the 1516th Test match.

Fourth, Roger Harper and Jimmy Adams must be commended for the placement of Brian Lara in the batting order. Given the relative strength of the team, he is in his rightful position. But his approach to the game is presently too individualistic and hence dysfunctional to the team. By opting to take a personal contest with his nemesis Glen McGrath, he is playing within his weakness and destroying the team psychologically. Lara should have been advised not to take on the challenge of the Australian fast bowler for two reasons. Brian’s weaknesses are his arrogance and his impatience, both characteristics of a genius. He is very vulnerable whenever he responds to the challenger. He is very vulnerable when he is kept in the crease and prevented from taking the ascendancy. Under this pressure, if given any room outside off stump, he would play his open face slash, which oftentimes causes his downfall. The Aussies have studied him and are prepared to exploit those weaknesses. And unless he rethinks his game, he is bound to be unproductive and the team,which still depends on him for success, is hell bound.

Fifth, the tone set by the openers, exacerbated by Lara’s irresponsible approach and reinforced by Adams’ welfare-state-of-mind approach (he occupied the crease for a total of 145 minutes for 32 runs), contributed to the lacklustre performance of the lower order batting. The decision-makers sowed the seed of self-destruction; the top-order batters established the base for self-destruction and we all reaped the reward of our unpreparedness.

The greatest challenge now is how will the unproductive coaches "Down Under" help the demoralised players to transcend their psychological decline, forget the emotional trauma and focus their energies on their battle before them, when, in back-to-back games, they have very little time for regrouping.

Unfortunately for us, the near-psychologically destroyed team is now on the battlefield in its most challenging and mentally demanding contest in less than a week after being battered and bruised by the same superior warriors. A territorial match would have been a Godsend, as it would have allowed the Windies the opportunity to shift their focus away from the debacle at the Gaba, attempt to find a measure of consolation by bringing out their best against a (supposedly) less-endowed opponent, nurse their mental bruises, strengthen the resolve of their wounded soldiers, experiment with a new strategy (that is, if the technical staff can conjure any), and try out a new mix of players.

What the dejected West Indian touring team needs now is leadership and technical support. Unfortunately, they lack miserably in both departments. The greatest need of the touring party is the need of qualified men; men of experience; men who have been through the fiery crucible and have excelled; men who are tested and proven fighters; men who have fought against the merciless warriors of the past and have prevailed; men who, in their innermost, are altruistic and true to duty as the needle is to the pole; men who are technically equipped to deal with the mental and emotional problems that are destroying our young cricketers in "Hell".

But unfortunately, the "fit and proper" men are not in the camp. As our competitors have done, we need to send an SOS for the world-acclaimed and knighted cricketers, Barbadian Sir Garfield Sobers and Antiguan Sir Vivian Richards. We need men (not boys) who the current players feel comforted in their presence; men who the players would love to emulate; men who the players can listen to and obey without reservation; men who are capable of helping to correct the emotional and technical flaws of the inexperienced players; men who are firm enough to discipline the deviant when he persists in his wayward ways; men who are like fathers to our youngsters, some, without a familial and societal role model.

By not accessing that quality of support, the West Indies cricket administration is retarding the growth of the West Indies team, and causing the stakeholders unnecessary heartaches.

Can Mr Rousseau, in the national interest, humble himself and call for help?

PHOT O CAPTION: Pat Rousseau’s sense on nationalism is challenged. (Photo: Peter Adrien)


Caribbean Court of Justice Stirs Clash of Viewpoints

By Richard Cox
Barbados, CANA - The inexorable movement towards the creation of a Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) as the final appellate jurisdiction for the region has sparked debate rooted in philosophy, politics and emotion.
As Caribbean leaders meet this week in Barbados for a consultation on the Single Market and Economy (SME), an important topic on the agenda is the arrangement for the court, which is deemed to replace the London-based Privy Council as the court of last resort.
It is viewed by many academic commentators, some lawyers and politicians as the final act of sovereignty for the former British colonies which achieved political independence during the 1960s.
The philosophical argument for the CCJ is that it manifests the transformation of Caribbean jurisprudence, of providing the Caribbean interpretation of legal precepts reflective of the social, political and economic realities of the region.
In other words, the argument is that such a court will entrench a body of law that assumes the common virtues of the many islands in the region which share a similar historical evolution and economic development.
"Our legal and political institutions are not of our own creation, but are rather the legacies of our colonial past," Simeon McIntosh, Professor of Jurisprudence at the Cave Hill Campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI) has written in the Caribbean Law Review.
The very constitutions -- the supreme laws of the various countries -- have been inherited from Britain, which applies that European coloration to the basis of Caribbean life.
It is, then, the Supreme Court, which in this case is the Privy Council, which is the final interpreter of the collective Caribbean reality
Professor McIntosh goes on to make the point that collective identity is not simply an inheritance but rather created through public discourse, "which consists of the vocabulary, ideologies, symbols, images, memories and myths that have come to form the ways a people think and talk about their political life".
For some, the CCJ is seen as the final act of that independence.
"The independence of the states in the region will not be complete, is not complete, when our constitutions entrench a foreign tribunal as our final Court of Appeal," Barbados Attorney General David Simmons has said.
Yet the great paradox of the establishment of the CCJ -- to be based in Trinidad -- is that the legal precedents on which judicial renderings will be based are rooted (at least for the time being) in the very same judgements handed down by the Law Lords.
Arrayed against the persuasive arguments for a regional court are some strong dissenting voices.
They cite, among other things, the paucity of legal talent in the region to staff a qualified appellate court, the possibility of local judges bending to political control, as well as the
socio-economic conditions of the Caribbean.
The latter issue, critics say, militates against the proper financing of such an important interpretive institution.
While these arguments cannot be discounted, it is to be said that the Caribbean has had a distinguished history in producing eminent jurists who have made their mark throughout the Commonwealth.
But the development of a court system free from political interference is a vexing issue.
Borrowing from the experience of the Eastern Caribbean Court, proponents of the CCJ thought it was paramount that a Regional Judicial and Legal Services Commission be established to ensure the insulation of the CCJ.
This body, which will be responsible for the appointment and removal of judges, will comprise representatives from different interest groups throughout the region.
This would ensure, it is hoped, that no politician has the power to determine who should be appointed or removed from the bench.
Significant consideration has also been taken for the appointment of the President of the committee.
"The president is appointed by the heads of CARICOM. This requires agreement by all 14 (member states), but it is not by pulling a name out of a hat or a lottery. That appointment will only be made upon a recommendation to Heads by the Regional Judicial Legislative Committee," St. Kitts and Nevis Attorney General Delano Bart says.
With regard to the financing of the court, St. Lucia's Attorney General Petrus Compton says a "package approach" has been designed by attorneys general, the Proprietary Committee and CARICOM heads to finance the CCJ.
Three mechanisms will be in place.
All CARICOM states are required to make a five-year commitment to finance the court. The states will establish a bond issue from which money would be used to finance the court. And the third approach would be to set up a trust fund of US$20 million and use
the interest for the court's operations.
Added to this is the proposition that the CCJ is essential if there is to be deepening of the integration process in the Caribbean.
The Treaty of Chaguaramas establishing the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME) is to be interpreted and applied by the CCJ.
Antigua and Barbuda's Attorney General Dr. Errol Cort says that "once all of the intra-regional trade barriers are removed, we anticipate that there will be certain disputes that will arise between member states. There needs to be a judicial process in place that will lead to an expeditious hearing of these matters".
Dr. Cort adds that a distinction must be made between the CCJ operating in its original jurisdiction versus the court in its appellate jurisdiction.
"The appellate aspect of the court deals with the replacement of the Privy Council in London as the final appeals court for the region and replaces the Privy Council with the CCJ.
"The CCJ will be the final court for both criminal and civil appeals. It is important to recognise that the first round of appeals on criminal matters will be made by CARICOM members in their local jurisdictions.
"In the case of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), the first appeals for criminal matters will therefore continue to be made to the OECS Court of Appeal.

Perhaps the political and emotional resistance to the court stems from the timing of the current discussion.
Although the idea of a regional appellate court was mooted long before, the famous Pratt and Morgan ruling by the Privy Council in the case of two convicted Jamaican murderers has created the perception that the intention is to have a "hanging court."
A barrage of criticisms have come from both within and without the Caribbean, most notably London-based human rights and anti-death penalty groups such as Amnesty International and Caribbean Justice.
These emotional outpourings point to a dramatic challenge for the justices of the Caribbean court -- the issue of capital punishment.
Constitutions in the Caribbean prescribe punishment by hanging for certain capital offences, which would suggest that execution by hanging is rendered immune from attack as being inhumane or degrading punishment.
So the crux of the Pratt and Morgan dealt not with the fact of punishment but the delay in carrying out that punishment.
It is further persuasive argument for the establishment of a Caribbean Court of Justice that will give full expression to the social, political and economic Weltanschaung of the region.



Roughly one woman in 13 will develop breast cancer at some time in her life. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women between the ages of 40 and 44.

The high-risk group includes:-

  1. Women over 50
  2. Women who never had children or who had a child for the first time after the age of 30
  3. Woman who began menstruation early and experienced later menopause.

Breast cancer also occurs more frequently in women with a family history of the disease and women who already had breast cancer.

Self-examination of the breast can often lead to early detection of cancer. All women should perform a self-examination at the end of the menstrual period. About 90 percent of all breast tumors are discovered by self-examination and if a lump is discovered in a breast the doctor will probably order an X-ray examination of the breast, known as a mammogram. The doctor may also take a biopsy specimen from the lump to test for the presence of cancer. If cancer is identified, surgery will probably be performed.

Women with breast cancer often dread surgery because of the disfigurement that can result. However, surgery for a breast tumor is often less extensive today than in the past. At one time all breast cancer received a radical mastectomy (that is removal of the breast, underlying chest muscles, and lymph nodes in the arm pits).

Now it is known that in many cases the removal of the breast or even the tumor alone, together with the removal of the lymph nodes, may be equally effective.

In addition there are techniques for reconstruction of the breast after surgery, and for rehabilitation of muscle tone in an arm that has been weakened by surgery. In many cases radiotherapy (that is the treatment of a penetrating X-ray to the diseased breast from a distance) and chemotherapy treatment will be used after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells; (chemotherapy is the use of drugs).

Recently, it has been demonstrated that the use of chemo-hormonal therapy will actually prolong survival of certain groups; it also appears to delay recurrence of the disease in most individuals.

Remember, breast cancer is preventable. Learn what is normal about your breasts, do a self-examination monthly and when in doubt consult a doctor, nurse or family nurse practitioner. However, a breast self-examination can be done by women of any age.


  1. In the shower examine each breast with the opposite hand while keeping the other overhead; having wet soapy skin may make it easier to feel lumps.
  2. Lie in bed with a pillow under one shoulder to elevate and flatten the breast; examine each breast with the opposite hand.
  3. Stand in front of a mirror with hands resting on hips; examine breast for swelling dimpling, bulges and any change in skin colour.
  4. Standing in front of a mirror with arms extended overhead, examine breasts for changes; this position highlights bulges and indentations which may indicate a lump.
  5. Make rotary motions with the flat pads, not the tips of the fingers, moving in concentric circles inwards towards the nipples, feel for knots, lumps or indentations; be sure to include the armpit areas.
  6. Squeeze nipples gently to inspect for any form of discharge. Report any suspicious findings to your doctor.


MRS YVONNE N. ALLEN RGN, ONC, DNC, Dip Nsg & Nsg Management

Mrs Yvonne Allen joined the nursing profession in 1966 and did most of her training in England. In 1969, she completed the three-year Registered General Nursing Course and went on to acquire post basic training in Orthopaedic Nursing, Care of the Elderly, and Community Nursing.

She, however, does not believe in complacency and likes to keep abreast of changes and new trends in nursing. To do this she enrolled and successfully completed several short courses, including sexual and reproductive health, counseling and teaching, CPR and Phlebotomy.

Mrs. Allen further enhanced her nursing when she enrolled at the Buckinghamshire College in 1992 and successfully completed her Diploma in Nursing and Management in 1994.

Her vast experience equipped her to work in all areas of Nursing. For several years she worked as a Staff Nurse at the West Middlesex Hospital in areas such as Orthopaedics, Geriatrics, Paediatrics, Gynecology, Surgery, Medicine, Psychiatry and the Outpatients Department.

Having lived and worked in England for 37 years, Mrs. Allen longed for a change and so in 1995 she moved to Montserrat with her husband.

She immediately obtained employment with Family Life Services as a Clinic Nurse. Her responsibilities there were to manage the clinical programme, which involved counseling, performing breast and pelvic examinations, taking Pap smears and advising on Family Planning methods, to name a few.

In 1997, when Family Life Services suspended their operations, Mrs. Allen joined the Ministry of Health as a District Nurse and is based at the Cudjoe Head Clinic.

As District Nurse, she is responsible for the delivery of Health Care Services to individuals, families and the community on a daily basis, utilizing the Primary Health Care approach.

Mrs Yvonne Allen joined the nursing profession in 1966 and did most of her training in England. In 1969, she completed the three-year Registered General Nursing Course and went on to acquire post basic training in Orthopaedic Nursing, Care of the Elderly, and Community Nursing.

She, however, does not believe in complacency and likes to keep abreast of changes and new trends in nursing. To do this she enrolled and successfully completed several short courses, including sexual and reproductive health, counseling and teaching, CPR and Phlebotomy.

Mrs. Allen further enhanced her nursing when she enrolled at the Buckinghamshire College in 1992 and successfully completed her Diploma in Nursing and Management in 1994.

Her vast experience equipped her to work in all areas of Nursing. For several years she worked as a Staff Nurse at the West Middlesex Hospital in areas such as Orthopaedics, Geriatrics, Paediatrics, Gynecology, Surgery, Medicine, Psychiatry and the Outpatients Department.

Having lived and worked in England for 37 years, Mrs. Allen longed for a change and so in 1995 she moved to Montserrat with her husband.

She immediately obtained employment with Family Life Services as a Clinic Nurse. Her responsibilities there were to manage the clinical programme, which involved counseling, performing breast and pelvic examinations, taking Pap smears and advising on Family Planning methods, to name a few.

In 1997, when Family Life Services suspended their operations, Mrs. Allen joined the Ministry of Health as a District Nurse and is based at the Cudjoe Head Clinic.

As District Nurse, she is responsible for the delivery of Health Care Services to individuals, families and the community on a daily basis, utilizing the Primary Health Care approach.


By Justin "Hero" Cassell

Agricultural Development Officer

EAT from the LAND, not from the CAN"

Grow More, Eat More of What You Grow!


Former Chief Forestry Officer, Mr Gerard Gray took up the post of Director of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Land, Housing and the Environment, on November 1, 2000. Mr. Gray recently completed a Masters Degree at the University of East Anglia in applied Ecology and Conservation.

Management of wild and domestic population of plants and animals is an aspect of the course, Mr. Gray says that will prove very relevant to agricultural development on Montserrat. Mr. Gray was among the few students who graduated with a distinction from the University of East Anglia.


The Department of Agriculture, in conjunction with the Montserrat Christian Council, brought in 10,000 pounds of Irish seed potatoes for distribution to farmers. Our records show that 298,839 pounds of Irish seed potatoes were imported in 1999; so far this year 259,985 pounds have been imported.

The projected yield from the quantity of seed material to be distributed should be in the region of 80,000 to 100,000 pounds of potatoes, reducing imports by approximately 46,000 pounds.


The following are some useful tips for farmers who are planting Irish potatoes this season.

    1. Allow seed tubers to sprout before planting
    2. Dig a hole 3 to 4 inches larger than the seed tuber
    3. Place fertilizer and Furadan, 2 inches to the side and 2 inches below the seed tuber
    4. Cover tuber with 3 to 4 inches of soil


The Department of Agriculture has stepped up its efforts to curb the loose livestock problem on island. The figures below give an indication of the results of these efforts.


As part of the import substitution program a wide variety of vegetable seedlings are produced on a regular basis at the Brades Nursery. These seedlings are especially produced as a backup supply for households involved in backyard gardening and, on occasions, larger farmers. The following seedlings are currently available: -


I am extremely happy to report that a wide variety of locally grown vegetables are available at this time. Consumers will be pleased to note that among the vegetables available in the market place are: -


At a meeting held last week with farmers of Duck Pond and surrounding areas, Director of Agriculture, Mr. Gerard Gray, appealed for stronger functional partnership between farmers and the Department of Agriculture. Mr. Gray commended the Farmers Association and its membership for their role in the redevelopment of agriculture on island. He also emphasized the Department's intent towards achieving quick effective resolutions to the problems and concerns expressed by farmers.

For the Love of life

By Jeevan Robinson

Take a moment and listen.

Listen to the voices of powerful men making promises,

Repetitious promises to all the world’s children.

Take a moment once more and listen,

Listen to these voices of influence,

Applauding the dynasties of commercialisation.

The chimneys of their wealth

Billowing volumes of poison into the atmosphere.

Whispers of the wind once unravelled the mysteries of nature’s beauty;

Mysteries which now yield depredation and cruel battering,

Making her beauty increasingly difficult to decipher.

The pages of her book have become worn with neglect

And postponed consideration.

The passions of the world have savagely tarnished her story.

The once mystic whispers of the wind

Now breathe a fierce growl for all to hear,

Nature telling of her fury

Towards the perpetrators of the uncaring alterations

That are confusing her evolution

The ozone now merely filters the light of life,

Nature’s celestial armour disappearing unceasingly.

Each sunrise now brings the inferno of global warming closer,

Danger dances patiently in our midst

As the environment is raped and squandered.

I can still hear the speeches of those powerful men making promises.

The voices of nature respond in unison,

Broken with despair, hoarse from exploitation;

Seeking an end to the fumes, sewage and garbage

That frequently litters her field of vision.


Vulcanese for 'Wolf!'

Incoming Heads have been warned their hotel is

Unsafe, by one of our most Nervous Nellies.

Should a new mudflow's sweep

Run 100 feet deep,

Perhaps Carlisle's could fit them with Wellies.

'See Spot Run'

Educators can promise and plead

That our schools are designed to succeed,

But their plaints are in vain

Until they can explain

All those youngsters unable to read.


Jus wonderin' when the Third Panelist is going to remove HIS big yellow bus and why it wasn't removed when the other derelict vehicles were picked up.

Jus wonderin how many more songs a go sing pan e.

Jus wonderin what will be done with those old tents at the Gerald’s park.

Jus wonderin if a new company is coming in why de phone company is so nice.

Jus wonderin if visitors that are come for this Christmas season will panic with an eruption of enjoyment.

Jus wonderin if Montserrat will be full with all liars.

Jus wonderin when and if they will call the Montserrat Masquerades the "Royal Montserrat Masquerades."

Jus wonderin why the government vehicles seem not have brakes and properly working indication lights.

Jus wonderin if the police are reporting the drivers of these vehicles, when other civilians don't stand a chance .

Jus wonderin why that COS' hard work on the OCES Heads meeting is a look in the near future.

Jus wonderin when the radio station will get a full-time manager.

Jus wonderin who is trying to help with public relations before he leaves next year.

Jus wonderin if the chief is looking or cannot get any Indians.

Jus wonderin how these ministers seem so despicable towards each other so!!

Jus wonderin if their might be some love on the side.

Jus wonderin who the Guyana man be whey do the school chile dat.

Jus wonderin if they did fly out de chile fu medical treatment.

Jus wonderin what problems there are now with the new culture.

Jus wonderin why so many people think the lady will not win her seat.

Jus wonderin how come the agriculture minister work so very closely with the nominated minister.

Jus wonderin the chiefs are planning a one party system for next elections.

Jus wonderin if the Gay Laws is best Christmas present the British Government could find to give us to herald in the new millennium.

Jus wonderin if there will be any welcome recipients of the Christmas gift.

Jus wonderin if ministers of all kinds in Montserrat will come together on this one.

Jus wonderin how a certain journalist was helped out of Montserrat.

Jus wonderin who besides who bring him here got hit from his destitution.

Jus wonderin if they were really destitute or jus the finale of a grand scheme.

Jus wonderin what the good and popular CMO did in Montserrat that cause him to receive that kind of treatment from his employers.

Jus wonderin if he remember the warnings that he has to dislike those he worked to help in order to keep in favour with his employers.

Jus wonderin if he is planning to leave Montserrat right after his contract ends since he now knows the job is not his any more and where he will live since they didn't tell him about the house.

Montserrat Festival Committee   Presents Miss Unity 2000

Contestants and Sponsors

Venese Jarrett 

Montserrat Festival Committee

Desirine Lee

Victor's Grocery

Francia Martinez

Montserrat Festival Committee

Maxine Joseph

Tropical Mansion Suites

Estelle Furlonge

Nagico Insurance Associates

Miss Unity Queen Show

December 29th, 2000    

Festival Village


The Emerald Community Singers Concert

Come and join The Emerald Community Singers in their 30th Anniversary Christmas Concert at the Pelican Room, Vue Pointe Hotel Saturday 16th December and Monday 18th December 7:30 pm both evenings Admission $20 (tickets available from members)

For Sale

Brand New discounted Building materials - Click Here

High Court Notice





In the Estate of Helen Sandor, deceased


NOTICE is herby given that after the expiration of fourteen (14) days from the date hereof, application will be made in the Registry of the High Court of Justice for an Order that the letter of Administration in the estate of HELEN SANDOR, late of Olveston, Montserrat, be granted to PETER SANDOR the NATURAL SON OF Helen Sandor and sole person entitled to share in her estate.

ALL persons claiming to be beneficially interested herein are requested forthwith to send particulars to us, the undersigned.

FURTHER any person objecting to the issuance of a Grant to the applicant should notify the Registrar of the Registry of the High Court of Justice not later than fourteen (14) days from the date of this notice.

Dated this 28th day of November, 2000


Solicitors for the Applicant


We would like to say thank you, having expressed condolences and cards, flowers, letters and phone calls. We also appreciate the overwhelming support in the time of our bereavement.


Asha Kothan - Asha, Rekha, Hitesh, Trusha, Maadhav

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